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[Visual Studio文章] 捕捉摄像头的数据流 





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没什么好说的了,我把代码都贴出来,大家自己看吧!
webcam类的代码:  
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace webcam
{
    /**////
    /// avicap 的摘要说明。
    ///
    public class showVideo
    {
        // showVideo calls
        [DllImport("avicap32.dll")] public static extern IntPtr capCreateCaptureWindowA(byte[] lpszWindowName, int dwStyle, int x, int y, int nWidth, int nHeight, IntPtr hWndParent, int nID);
        [DllImport("avicap32.dll")] public static extern bool capGetDriverDescriptionA(short wDriver, byte[] lpszName, int cbName, byte[] lpszVer, int cbVer);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")] public static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, bool wParam, int lParam);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")] public static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, short wParam, int lParam);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")] public static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, short wParam, FrameEventHandler lParam);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")] public static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, int wParam, ref BITMAPINFO lParam);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")] public static extern int SetWindowPos(IntPtr hWnd, int hWndInsertAfter, int x, int y, int cx, int cy, int wFlags);
        [DllImport("avicap32.dll")]public static extern int capGetVideoFormat(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr psVideoFormat, int wSize );

        // Constants
        public const int WM_USER = 0x400;
        public const int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000;
        public const int WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000;
        public const int SWP_NOMOVE = 0x2;
        public const int SWP_NOZORDER = 0x4;
        public const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT = WM_USER + 10;
        public const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT = WM_USER + 11;
        public const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_FRAME = WM_USER + 5;
        public const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW = WM_USER + 50;
        public const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE = WM_USER + 52;
        public const int WM_CAP_SET_VIDEOFORMAT = WM_USER + 45;

        // Structures
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] public struct VIDEOHDR
        {
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int lpData;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int dwBufferLength;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int dwBytesUsed;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int dwTimeCaptured;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int dwUser;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public int dwFlags;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst=4)] public int[] dwReserved;
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] public struct BITMAPINFOHEADER
        {
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biSize ;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biWidth ;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biHeight ;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I2)] public short biPlanes;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I2)] public short biBitCount ;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biCompression;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biSizeImage;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biXPelsPerMeter;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biYPelsPerMeter;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biClrUsed;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.I4)] public Int32 biClrImportant;
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] public struct BITMAPINFO
        {
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Struct, SizeConst=40)] public BITMAPINFOHEADER bmiHeader;
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValArray, SizeConst=1024)] public Int32[] bmiColors;
        }

        public delegate void FrameEventHandler(IntPtr lwnd, IntPtr lpVHdr);

        // Public methods
        public static object GetStructure(IntPtr ptr,ValueType structure)
        {
            return Marshal.PtrToStructure(ptr,structure.GetType());
        }

        public static object GetStructure(int ptr,ValueType structure)
        {
            return GetStructure(new IntPtr(ptr),structure);
        }

        public static void Copy(IntPtr ptr,byte[] data)
        {
            Marshal.Copy(ptr,data,0,data.Length);
        }

        public static void Copy(int ptr,byte[] data)
        {
            Copy(new IntPtr(ptr),data);
        }

        public static int SizeOf(object structure)
        {
            return Marshal.SizeOf(structure);
        }
    }

    //Web Camera Class
    public class WebCamera
    {
        // Constructur
        public WebCamera(IntPtr handle, int width,int height)
        {
            mControlPtr = handle;
            mWidth = width;
            mHeight = height;
        }
        // delegate for frame callback
        public delegate void RecievedFrameEventHandler(byte[] data);
        public event RecievedFrameEventHandler RecievedFrame;

        private IntPtr lwndC; // Holds the unmanaged handle of the control
        private IntPtr mControlPtr; // Holds the managed pointer of the control
        private int mWidth;
        private int mHeight;

        private showVideo.FrameEventHandler mFrameEventHandler; // Delegate instance for the frame callback - must keep alive! gc should NOT collect it
        // Close the web camera
        public void CloseWebcam()
        {
            this.capDriverDisconnect(this.lwndC);
        }

        // start the web camera
        public void StartWebCam()
        {
            byte[] lpszName = new byte[100];
            byte[] lpszVer = new byte[100];

            showVideo.capGetDriverDescriptionA(0, lpszName, 100,lpszVer, 100);
            this.lwndC = showVideo.capCreateCaptureWindowA(lpszName, showVideo.WS_VISIBLE + showVideo.WS_CHILD, 0, 0, mWidth, mHeight, mControlPtr, 0);

            if (this.capDriverConnect(this.lwndC, 0))
            {
                this.capPreviewRate(this.lwndC, 66);
                this.capPreview(this.lwndC, true);
                showVideo.BITMAPINFO bitmapinfo = new showVideo.BITMAPINFO();
                bitmapinfo.bmiHeader.biSize = showVideo.SizeOf(bitmapinfo.bmiHeader);
                bitmapinfo.bmiHeader.biWidth = 352;
                bitmapinfo.bmiHeader.biHeight = 288;
                bitmapinfo.bmiHeader.biPlanes = 1;
                bitmapinfo.bmiHeader.biBitCount = 24;
                this.capSetVideoFormat(this.lwndC, ref bitmapinfo, showVideo.SizeOf(bitmapinfo));
                this.mFrameEventHandler = new showVideo.FrameEventHandler(FrameCallBack);
                this.capSetCallbackOnFrame(this.lwndC, this.mFrameEventHandler);
                showVideo.SetWindowPos(this.lwndC, 0, 0, 0, mWidth , mHeight , 6);
            }
        }

        // private functions
        private bool capDriverConnect(IntPtr lwnd, short i)
        {
            return showVideo.SendMessage(lwnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT, i, 0);
        }
        private bool capDriverDisconnect(IntPtr lwnd)
        {
            return showVideo.SendMessage(lwnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT, 0, 0);
        }
        private bool capPreview(IntPtr lwnd, bool f)
        {return showVideo.SendMessage(lwnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW , f, 0);}

        private bool capPreviewRate(IntPtr lwnd, short wMS)
        {
            return showVideo.SendMessage(lwnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE, wMS, 0);
        }

        private bool capSetCallbackOnFrame(IntPtr lwnd, showVideo.FrameEventHandler lpProc)
        {
                return showVideo.SendMessage(lwnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_FRAME, 0, lpProc);
        }

        private bool capSetVideoFormat(IntPtr hCapWnd, ref showVideo.BITMAPINFO BmpFormat, int CapFormatSize)
        {
            return showVideo.SendMessage(hCapWnd, showVideo.WM_CAP_SET_VIDEOFORMAT, CapFormatSize, ref BmpFormat);
        }

        private void FrameCallBack(IntPtr lwnd, IntPtr lpVHdr)
        {
            showVideo.VIDEOHDR videoHeader = new showVideo.VIDEOHDR();
            byte[] VideoData;
            videoHeader = (showVideo.VIDEOHDR)showVideo.GetStructure(lpVHdr,videoHeader);
            VideoData = new byte[videoHeader.dwBytesUsed];
            showVideo.Copy(videoHeader.lpData ,VideoData);
            if (this.RecievedFrame != null)
                this.RecievedFrame (VideoData);
        }
    }

}
下面是实现的代码
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using webcam;

namespace webcam
{
/**////
/// Form1 的摘要说明。
///
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
private System.Windows.Forms.Panel panelPreview;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button b_play;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button b_stop;
/**////
/// 必需的设计器变量。
///
private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
WebCamera wc;

public Form1()
{
//
// Windows 窗体设计器支持所必需的
//
InitializeComponent();

//
// TODO: 在 InitializeComponent 调用后添加任何构造函数代码
//
}

/**////
/// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
///
protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码#region Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码
/**////
/// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器修改
/// 此方法的内容。
///
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.b_play = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.panelPreview = new System.Windows.Forms.Panel();
this.b_stop = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// b_play
//
this.b_play.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(280, 368);
this.b_play.Name = "b_play";
this.b_play.TabIndex = 0;
this.b_play.Text = "&Play";
this.b_play.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
//
// panelPreview
//
this.panelPreview.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 8);
this.panelPreview.Name = "panelPreview";
this.panelPreview.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(344, 272);
this.panelPreview.TabIndex = 1;
//
// b_stop
//
this.b_stop.Enabled = false;
this.b_stop.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(360, 368);
this.b_stop.Name = "b_stop";
this.b_stop.TabIndex = 2;
this.b_stop.Text = "&Stop";
this.b_stop.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.b_stop_Click);
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(6, 14);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(464, 413);
this.Controls.Add(this.b_stop);
this.Controls.Add(this.panelPreview);
this.Controls.Add(this.b_play);
this.MaximizeBox = false;
this.MinimizeBox = false;
this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "GoodView test Web Camera";
this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
this.ResumeLayout(false);
}
#endregion

/**////
/// 应用程序的主入口点。
///
[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
b_play.Enabled = false;
b_stop.Enabled = true;
panelPreview.Size = new Size(330,330);
wc = new WebCamera( panelPreview.Handle,panelPreview.Width,panelPreview.Height);
wc.StartWebCam();
}

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
b_play.Enabled = false;
b_stop.Enabled = true;
panelPreview.Size = new Size(330,330);
wc = new WebCamera( panelPreview.Handle,panelPreview.Width,panelPreview.Height);
wc.StartWebCam();
}

private void b_stop_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
b_play.Enabled = true;
b_stop.Enabled = false;
wc.CloseWebcam();
}
}


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捕捉 摄像头 数据流
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发帖时间:2016-7-9   |   查看数:0   |   回复数:0
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